Waterberg Plateau National Park
The Waterberg is covered by a 100m thick layer of sandstone or fossilized dune that is thought to be over 180 million years old. Covering that stone is a thick layer of red sand which is very porous and any rain water that falls is immediately soaked up as if it was hitting a sponge. The bottom layer of sandstone however is very hard and the water runs along the top of this layer in the form of springs, hence the name Waterberg or 'water mountain'.
Waterberg is historically the site of one of the major turning points in Namibian history as it was on the Waterberg plateau that the Herero people fought and lost one of the greatest battles against the German Colonial forces. The battle ultimately forced them to retreat away from the Waterberg and head towards what is today known as Botswana. Today the blood spilt lands are a 41 000 hectare nature reserve where a number of Namibia's most endangered species live. Due to the inaccessibility of the plateau the threat from predators and of poaching is small and animals such as black and white rhino and sable antelope have flourished.